Map of the change in total population between 2006 and 2011 for the Alberni-Clayoquot Regional District Census Subdivisions.
What do Alberta and the west coast municipalities of Tofino and Ucluelet have in common? They are attractive to young adults with fewer children resulting in lower numbers of dependents relative to those of working age. But what about the baby boomers retiring?
Two substantial changes between 1996 and 2011: For Ucluelet, children (0 to 19 years of age) decline by ~40%; for Tofino, number of working age (20 to 64) doubled. The result? A brief lowering of the number of dependents relative to those of working age.
How attractive are Tofino and Ucluelet for males and females by age?
Ucluelet looses population and resource extraction jobs and people from all age groups only to be followed by years of attracting more and more young adults, and children.
For many young adults, small towns are unattractive - 20 to 29 year olds get out of town, rapidly, in favour of education, employment and social opportunities in larger population centers.
Bucking this trend is Tofino, on Canada's West Coast, a small town very attractive to young adults, many moving out of large population centers in favour of living closer to the wild, wide spaces and surfing.
But while the number of females 20 to 39 years of age has doubled from approximately 220 to 435 since 1996, the number of children under 5 rose by approximately 15.
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